What’s the Difference Between SVG and PNG?
In life, we’re constantly comparing one thing to another. You could say we have a critical eye. But it could also be said that we have an eye for quality. For example, apples and oranges are comparable. They may fit into the same fruit category, but they will appeal to different people based on their individual needs.
If you’re looking for a Vitamin C hit, you’ll probably want an orange on your plate. However, if you’d like more fiber in your diet, you’ll probably bite into a juicy apple. It doesn’t necessarily mean one is better than the other—it comes down to preference. And the same thing can be said about SVG vs PNG formats.
Important Differences Between SVG and PNG
What’s an SVG?
SVG is an image file format created specifically for designing two-dimensional vector and vector-raster graphics for websites. SVG supports animation, transparency, gradients, and is easily scalable without losing quality. SVG is also the most widely used vector file format on the web.
Let’s break this down:
- Scalable: SVGs can be resized up or down without damaging the quality of the image. It will be perfectly crisp and clear, no matter how large or small it is.
- Vector: Most image file types contain pixels. Vectors are essentially pieces of code that render an image in real-time, converting it to the pixels you see on your screen. While they display the same image, what goes on in the background is very different.
- Graphics: Though it may not be as well known, SVG is an image file type like PNG, JPEG, or GIF. It just goes about things a little differently.
Vectors are pieces of code written in XML that represent shapes, lines, and colors. While creating an image with nothing but code is entirely possible, most people use a vector graphics editor. You can also convert PNGs or other raster format images to SVG, but the results aren’t always great.
SVG also supports animation and transparency, making it a versatile file format. The only issue is that it’s not as widely used as more standard formats like PNG, so it’s less supported on older browsers and devices. It’s also not always the easiest to upload it to your site and get it to display correctly.
Pros and Cons of SVG
Here’s why people enjoy SVGs:
- SVGs always look high quality due to never experiencing high definition loss. A raster image format can start to look blurry when even slightly resized.
- As SVGs are just code, their file size is minimal and well-optimized. SVG optimizers also exist to make them even more manageable. Your site will also likely load a little faster if you use them instead.
- Using traditional PNGs means that images have to be referenced as external resources. All those PNGs mean an increase in ‘http’ requests and, thus, a slower site. SVGs are not only smaller in file size, but the XML can be embedded inline to your HTML, eliminating ‘http’ requests.
- There are many ways SVGs can be used on the web, such as displaying logos. Logos are usually vector based, and rightly so. The beauty is that you could define an SVG document as your logo and then use it wherever you like without worrying about size, resolution, or load times.
- Google indexes SVGs, which is good news. SVG content, whether it is in a standalone file or embedded directly in HTML, is indexed.
SVG has quite a bit on PNG, from being scalable to tinier in size, but it’s not better in every situation. Here’s the bad of vector file types:
- As mentioned earlier, while SVGs enjoy support on all major modern browsers, you can run into compatibility issues rendering them on older browsers and devices. If a significant chunk of your visitors uses those, switching over could be a bad idea.
- SVGs are harder to work with, requiring special programs to create and edit. While you can design them with nothing but XML, this isn’t always feasible.
- SVGs aren’t nearly as easy to embed as PNGs. If you’re using WordPress, it isn’t supported by the default media library, so you’d need a plugin to upload them at all. This can become more costly in the long run.
- SVGs must be rendered by the browser when the page is loaded, so using an excess or a large file with many vectors can burden the device.
When to Use SVG Over PNG
SVG works best for designing icons for websites with responsive design and objects that should be displayed perfectly on screens. Use SVG when you want transparent images that can be easily zoomed or compressed, need lightweight animations, or plan to modify an image soon or frequently.
While you definitely shouldn’t convert all your PNGs to SVGs, vector graphics can make an excellent replacement for some images. SVG images also work exceptionally for decorative website graphics, logos, icons, graphs and diagrams, and other simple images.
However, they don’t work as well with complex images involving many colors and shapes, such as screenshots, photography, and detailed artwork. While it’s possible to convert any image to SVG, browsers don’t always handle complex vectors with hundreds of colors well since they have to be rendered when the page loads.
In addition, SVG artwork can be beautiful, but designing complex images requires a lot of time, effort, and proficiency in advanced editing tools. Keep it simple if you want to create your vector images. If you have detailed images, definitely stick with PNG.
However, SVGs are better for responsive and retina-ready web design due to their scalability and lack of quality degradation. In addition, they support animation while PNG doesn’t, and raster file types that support animation like GIF and APNG.
In a nutshell, for simple graphics that may require animation and are guaranteed to scale well on any screen size, use SVG.
What is a PNG?
PNG stands for Portable Network Graphics, and this name is reflected in how widespread this file type is. Anyone who’s ever used a computer has likely worked with PNGs, as it’s the most common file type on the internet next to JPEG.
Did you know that the very first PNG draft – then called “PBF,'' for Portable Bitmap Format – was posted by a person called Tom to “comp.graphics,” “comp.compression,” and “comp.infosystems.www.providers” on 4 January 1995.
It had a three-byte signature, chunk numbers rather than chunk names, maximum pixel depth of 8 bits, and no specified compression method. But even at that stage it had more in common with today's PNG than with any other existing format.
PNG is a raster image file type, similar to most common image formats. That means it consists of pixels, the same small dots displayed on your monitor or screen. While this makes it easy to display, it also means image quality is dependent on the resolution – how many pixels are in the image.
So, if you scale a raster image up or down in size, the quality will be impacted. Sometimes, the damage is negligible, especially when scaling down, and sometimes it can make an image blurry and completely unusable.
Still, the prevalence of PNG makes it a good candidate for general-purpose usage. This file type supports transparency but not animation.
Pros and Cons of PNG
What makes PNG the most widely used image file format online?
- PNG files are easily editable and opened in any common image editing tool. There’s no need to pay for advanced programs to create or change a PNG image. At most, you may need to download a free editor.
- Whether you’re coding from scratch or using the WordPress media manager, displaying PNG images on your site is a simple task.
- PNG uses lossless compression that leaves it looking crisper than lossy compression JPEGs. However, this comes at a larger file size cost and can’t compare to vector images. PNG uses better image compression technology than GIF, allowing for smaller files that download more quickly.
- With higher bit depths (more colors), PNG allows for 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, 24, and 32-bit images, smashing the 8-bit barrier.
- Multiple layers of transparent PNG images allow for full alpha channel transparency, which makes moving images from one background to another easy.
- Built-in gamma correction allows users to see an image the way it was intended to be seen by selecting the gamma level intended for their monitor.
On the other hand, the PNG format was created decades ago and has several notable flaws that haven’t been updated for the modern era:
- You cannot resize PNG files without losing quality. You need to plan when designing raster graphics and make sure it’s the right size, or you may end up wasting time making unusable images.
- PNGs are very large due to their lossless compression. Thus, they can slow down your website. Fixing this requires compressing it even more and damaging the quality.
- Making images ‘retina-ready’ is more tedious with PNGs and are more likely to cause blurriness.
- PNG does not support animation. Other animated raster file types like GIFs can have serious problems. For instance, GIFs are super low quality and only support 256 colors.
When to Use PNG over SVG
If you're using high-quality images, detailed icons, or need to preserve transparency, PNG is the best choice. Use it for small static images, logos, navigation elements, prints, and other images with transparent backgrounds and robust edges.
When you’re not sure whether a platform will handle the newer, less supported SVG file type, PNG is the way to go. For instance, you can’t upload SVGs to most social media. And as some email templates may struggle with vectors, it’s usually recommended to stick with PNGs.
In general, PNGs work well with complex, non-animated images, especially ones that require transparency. You can use it pretty much anywhere – it’s just that sometimes an SVG would be a better fit.
Remember that you can always use PNG fallbacks if your SVG fails to load, so it’s usually safe to go with vectors, even if a significant portion of your user base has stuck with older devices or browsers.
How to Create an SVG File
In order to create an SVG file, you need to have a vector version of the logo or illustration. Vector art is defined in terms of 2D points connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes with different properties.
A vector graphic is generated by creating nodes and joining these together with lines (known as paths) to build shapes. Moreover, vector art is used for multiple types of design projects. It's used for graphic design, illustration, and digital arts.
Vector software can be used for most forms of graphic design. It’s up to you, as the designer, to decide which type of software is most appropriate for your particular design project.
We happen to know a great vector software. Maybe you’ve heard of it? Vectornator is a design software that is free to use and perfect for creating vector graphics.
These are some of the main areas that use vector art and graphics to create high-quality, imaginative, scalable images:
- Illustration has become a very in-demand profession, with brands going crazy for authentic visual content to capture their persona and products beautifully.
- Vector art is used for many elements that go into the design of a website, including icons, logos, illustrations, and layout.
- You'll need vectorized images to print posters successfully. Poster design can be used for art and decor, film, and marketing. Need poster design inspiration? Check out these scary movie posters that are sure to keep you awake at night.
- Most graphic designers use vector software to create logos. Why? Because vector graphics are easily scaleable, simple to edit, and have tons of exporting options.
- Like posters and logos, vector designs are perfect for billboards as these are printed at an enormous scale. Your vector files will be necessary to maintain the quality of the image.
- Video game designers use all kinds of software. It is a highly complex form of design. The critical component of the artwork is generated using vector art. This type of vector art is especially popular lately with the growing popularity of video games and virtual reality.
If you’d like to find out more about how to draw and work with vector art, we’ve got you covered here. You can also watch this tutorial video we made on how to easily create your own vectors using our top-notch software.
How to Create a Transparent PNG Background File
A transparent background for your PNG may seem like such a basic design element. But, more often than not, these simple design techniques turn out to be some of the most valuable and creative ways to make your image stand out.
Here are some design tips on using a transparent background in your PNG to your advantage:
- Using a transparent background might not be the most common way to focus on a specific area you want to emphasize. Nevertheless, if you use it correctly, a transparent PNG background will help you put any part of your image into the spotlight. You can also use this technique to guide the viewer and give the whole design more perspective.
- Readability is one of the essential parts of your design, primarily if you work in marketing or PR. If you need to include the brand’s name and a one-liner, the design you want to use might not be the best to add text on top of it as it can be hard to read the letters.
- Want to create a multi-dimensional image? Then adding layers on top of layers will help you with that. Using a transparent background, in this case, is also going to help you add more depth. This technique is not very often used, so we recommend you use it only when you need to and when it makes sense considering the intention of your design.
- To bring a different feel to your PNG design, you can use a transparent background as another layer on top of an image you are using. If you need to create a cleaner look, your immediate thought might be to remove a few design elements from your PNG design. While this works well most of the time, there is another way to make your design transmit a cleaner look without removing any design elements.
If you’d like to get a step-by-step guide on how to achieve the above tips, you can check out our simple guide here.
SVG and PNG are two very different file formats. In the end, it’s not a big deal whether you use PNGs or JPEGs on your site outside of very niche use cases. But picking between SVG and PNG is a much more important choice.
You’re far more likely to use PNGs as it’s a simpler, easier-to-access, and more versatile file format. Complex images, such as screenshots and detailed illustrations, should use PNG.
While SVGs are harder to create and edit, they have a variety of benefits over PNGs. Whenever it’s appropriate to use vector images – such as decorative graphics and logos – definitely use SVG.
You won’t likely be swapping out every single image on your site for an SVG, but their responsiveness and smaller file sizes make them a great candidate in certain situations.
In the end, don't forget to have fun with your designs and images by using Vectornator as your right hand tool.
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